Grand nursing theorists essay

Grand nursing theorists essay


  • Select a grand theorist from each of the four types of grand theories, as identified by Meleis in Chapter 9 (of the book ‘Theoretical Nursing development and progress’ 6th edition), which includes a choice from the needs, interaction, outcome, and caring theorists.
  • Compare and contrast, in tabular format, the following information:

Example of tabular format that should be included in the paper.

Theorist Theorist Theorist Theorist
Educational background
Philosophy of nursing
Definition of nursing
Goal/ purpose of theory


In narrative form, reflect on these theorists and explain which one is most congruent with your personal philosophy of nursing. Grand nursing theorists essay.

  • This is an APA format paper which should include a title page, an introduction with purpose statement addressing the purpose of the paper, the tabular chart, the narrative, and an APA format reference page.  Remember to include your in-text citations for all information taken from another source whether paraphrased or direct quotes.

Assignment Details:

  • 3-5 pages
  • APA format

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Ideas and content reflect original thought and are clearly stated

Paper is well organized (intro, body, conclusion) and includes the table comparing specific information for the 4 chosen theorists.

Correct use of APA format throughout paper

Minimal grammatical, spelling errors; adheres to page limit

Provides appropriate reference list Grand nursing theorists essay


Grand theory


Grand theories in nursing refer to statements that broadly define the scope of a nurse’s activities within acceptable professional propositions and concepts. In fact, these theories are not intended to be tested, rather they are intended to offer insight into nursing practice through predicting, explaining and directing nurses on how to act within particularly circumstance, situations and cases Grand nursing theorists essay. Besides that, these theories are relevant to all nursing care since they present theoretical concepts with broad perspectives that direct nursing education and practice (Meleis, 2017). The present paper compares four grand nursing theorists and their contributions to nursing.

Part 1.

Table 1. Grand nursing theorists (Source: Meleis, 2017; Porter-O’Grady & Malloch, 2016)

Jean Watson (1940 – ) – Theory of human caring Myra Levine (1920 – 1996) – Conservation model for nursing Hildegard Peplau (1909 – 1999) – Theory of interpersonal relations Virginia Avenel Henderson (1897 – 1996)
Educational background 1961 – Diploma in Nursing from Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke, Virginia.

1964 – BSN from University of Colorado.

1966 – Master of science in nursing in psychiatric and mental health nursing from University of Colorado.

1973 – Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling from University of Colorado.

1944 – Diploma in Nursing, Cook County School of Nursing.

1949 – BSN from the University of Chicago.

1962 – Master of Science in Nursing from Wayne State University.

1931 – RN from Pottstown, Pennsylvania Hospital School of Nursing.

1943 – B.A. in interpersonal psychology from Bennington College in Vermont.

1947 – M.A. in psychiatric nursing from Teachers College, Columbia, New York.

1953 – Ed.D in curriculum development from Teacher’s College Columbia University.

1921 – US Army School of Nursing in Washington, D.C.

1931 – BS in Nursing from Teachers College, Columbia University.

1934 – Master’s degree from Teachers College, Columbia University.

Grand nursing theorists essay

Philosophy of nursing Nurses should express intentional and authentic caring as a central tenet of nursing practice, while promoting health beyond the simple concept of medical cure. Nurses should focus on promoting adaptation and maintain wholeness by using the principles of conservation, while handling each patient as an individual entity. Nurses should consider their relationship with patients as the foundation of nursing practice, focusing on creating a give-and-take relationship where nurses partnered with patients as opposed to having patients act as passive participants to receive patients while nurses passively act on the doctor’s orders to provide treatment. Nurses are a substitute for what the patient lacks with their key function being to make the patient complete/whole.
Definition of nursing Nursing is concerned with caring, helping patients to embrace positive energy that flows into all aspects of life to include spirit, body and mind while rewarding both the nurse and patient. Nursing is concerned with translating the unique range of adaptive responses that each patient presents with the intention of translating individual circumstances that are construed as health.

Grand nursing theorists essay

Nursing is a therapeutic interpersonal process that supportively functions alongside other human process to define health. It entails seven roles that include stranger, resource, teaching, counseling, surrogate, active leadership, and technical expert roles. Nursing is the practice of assisting patients in achieving independence as soon as possible through the performance of activities that facilitate their recovery, peaceful death or improved health, and that they would have performed if they had the necessary knowledge, will and strength.
Goal/ purpose of theory The theory offers caring as a central nursing tenet with focus on the healing potential of caring-to-caring transpersonal relationship as being important to both the nurse and patient. The theory’s purpose is to facilitate a balance between the internal and external environments to ensure that patients receive holistic care even as their integrity and wholeness is preserved. The theory’s purpose is to ensure that nurses and patients (as stakeholders intimately involved in the primary care process) are engaged in the primary care as active participants. The theory’s purpose is to aid the patient in achieving independence with dignity through primary care, while helping nurses to know themselves, accept others and actively pursue growth.


Part 2.

The four grand theories as presented by Watson, Levine, Peplau and Henderson all draw on the theorists’ experiences to offer their personal and idealized understanding of what nursing entails. Watson’s theory acknowledges that although medical care is concerned with optimizing health, this should occur in a caring environment. Levine’s theory concedes that each patient would have a personal interpretation of health based on the interactions between internal and external environments so that what is considered good health for one patient does not necessarily translate into good health for another patient. Peplau explains that nursing care can only be optimized if the nurse and patient have a good relationship that allows the two to benefit. Henderson holds that nurses help patients to achieve independence through acting when they are unable to do so (Meleis, 2017; Porter-O’Grady & Malloch, 2016). Having gone through the four grand theories, I feel that Watson’s theory is most congruent with my personal philosophy of nursing. My personal philosophy is that I must care for the patient and use that as a motivation to provide the best possible care. This aligns with Watson’s idea that caring is the central tenet of nursing practice. Grand nursing theorists essay.


Meleis, A. I. (2017). Theoretical Nursing development and progress (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Porter-O’Grady, T. & Malloch, K. (2016). Leadership in nursing practice: changing the landscape of healthcare (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Grand nursing theorists essay.

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